Report to Congress on Emerging Military services Systems

Table of Contents

The next is the Nov. 10, 2021 Congressional Analysis Service report, Rising Army Technologies: Qualifications and Challenges for Congress.

From the report

Customers of Congress and Pentagon officials are progressively concentrated on developing rising navy systems to boost U.S. countrywide stability and preserve pace with U.S. rivals. The U.S. armed forces has prolonged relied upon technological superiority to assure its dominance in conflict and to underwrite U.S. nationwide protection. In the latest a long time, having said that, technologies has each quickly progressed and fast proliferated—largely as a outcome of developments in the commercial sector. As previous Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel observed, this advancement has threatened to erode the United States’ regular resources of armed service gain. The Department of Protection (DOD) has undertaken a quantity of initiatives to arrest this trend. For case in point, in 2014, DOD declared the 3rd Offset Approach, an effort and hard work to exploit emerging technologies for armed service and stability purposes as effectively as related methods, strategies, and concepts of operation. In guidance of this approach, DOD proven a selection of corporations centered on defense innovation, which includes the Defense Innovation Unit and the Defense Wargaming Alignment Team.

Additional recently, the 2018 Countrywide Defense System echoed the underpinnings of the Third Offset Approach, noting that U.S. countrywide safety will probably be influenced by quick technological breakthroughs and the modifying character of war…. New systems incorporate innovative computing, “big data” analytics, synthetic intelligence, autonomy, robotics, directed vitality, hypersonics, and biotechnology—the extremely technologies that be certain we will be capable to struggle and acquire the wars of the future.

The United States is the chief in creating many of these systems. Even so, China and Russia—key strategic competitors—are building constant development in creating sophisticated army technologies. As these technologies are built-in into international and domestic navy forces and deployed, they could maintain significant implications for the long term of global safety writ significant, and will have to be a substantial concentration for Congress, equally in conditions of funding and program oversight.

This report provides an overview of picked rising army systems in the United States, China, and Russia:

  • artificial intelligence,
  • deadly autonomous weapons,
  • hypersonic weapons,
  • directed vitality weapons,
  • biotechnology, and
  • quantum technologies.

It also discusses appropriate initiatives inside of international institutions to watch or regulate these systems, considers the opportunity implications of emerging armed forces technologies for warfighting, and outlines involved problems for Congress. These concerns involve the level and security of funding for rising technologies, the management framework for emerging technologies, the difficulties affiliated with recruiting and retaining technologies workers, the acquisitions procedure for promptly evolving and twin-use technologies, the protection of rising technologies from theft and expropriation, and the governance and regulation of emerging technologies. These difficulties could hold implications for congressional authorization, appropriation, oversight, and treaty-generating.

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